The Origins of Sociology as a Discipline



Sociology Annotated Bibliography

Jing Huang

SOCI 111

Sociology Annotated Bibliography

Alatas, S.H. (2006). The Autonomous, the Universal, and the Future of Sociology. Current Sociology 54 (15):7-23

The author looks at the non-western world with the aim of developing an autonomous social science tradition. According to him, the non-western world needs a sociology field that is developed by its local scholars. He believes that sociology is an autonomous field rooted in the traditions and cultures of a specific society. The non-western world seems to lack this and generally relies on the sociology of the western world. The scholars will be guided by selected problems within their local environment. The scholars should use relevant material, criteria when collecting, and accumulating research data. They should also be in a position to compare their research findings with the sociological problems that are faced outside the non-western regions.

Calhoun, C. & Gerteis, J. (2011). Classical Sociological Theory. Third Ed. Garsington Road, OX: John Wiley & Sons.

The book is a definitive guide to the origins of sociology as a scientific discipline. It provides a framework through which the reader can understand the underpinnings of sociology; from its undisciplined origins to its current form that influences sociological debates. The authors extrapolate the theories of classical sociology thinkers including Marx, Weber, Freud, Du Bois, Marcuse, Adorno, Durkheim, and Simmel. The authors also provide a brief analysis of the pre-history of sociological theory including the works of de Tocqueville and the Enlightenment period.

Dillion, M. (2010). Introduction to Sociological Theory: Theories, Concepts, and their Applicability to the 21st Century. Garsington Road, OX: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

The author gives readers a chronological explanation of the origin of sociology and its main contributors (theorists). The book begins with a detailed analysis of sociological theory including societal transformations and the origin of sociology. The introductory section of the book also encompasses the establishment of sociology and its development as a craft in the 19th century. The author also provides detailed analysis of different early sociologists and their theories including Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Webber among others. The readers also learn about different schools of thought in the field of sociology including the Frankfurt School, Structural-Functionalism, and Group Conflict. There is also a chapter on feminist theories, which is a contemporary area in the field of sociology. The book ends with a chapter on globalization and how sociology operates in a global context.

Giddens, A., Duneier, M., Carr, D., Appelbaum, R.P. (2016). Introduction to Sociology. 10th Ed. New York, NY: W.W. Norton Incorporated.

This edition provides a detailed account of the origins of sociology as well as explanations of the sociological concepts that students of sociology need to be familiar with at an introductory level. The book introduces the various basic sociological concepts before engaging in discussing sociological theory. The authors then discuss some of the current research for each sociological concept in the field and wind up by analyzing some of the unanswered questions that sociologists currently face. There is a strong emphasis on linking the micro and micro facets of sociology to give the students a holistic approach to the study of sociology.

Haralambos, M., & Holborn, M. (2008). Sociology Themes and Perspectives. Seventh Ed. Scotland, UK: Collins Educational

The book is used as a guide in most sociology classes because it presents a complete overview of relevant and contemporary sociology theories. Some teachers refer to it as the bible of sociology. The book presents the theories in a simple manner and then continues to point out the strengths and weaknesses of every theory. The authors attempt to highlight the richness of the field of sociology with different theories, explanations, and real-life examples, all in a bid to help the student understand the thinking behind every theorist.

Macionis, J.J., & Plummer, K. (2011). Sociology: A Global Introduction. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

The book takes on a global perspective in attempting to analyze the underpinnings of sociology as a scientific discipline. The reader is exposed to different cultures from across the world helping him understand the importance of studying people from an international outlook. The introductory section of the book offers a historical timeline of different societies from across the globe and their major milestones. The introduction also offers the reader the opportunity to understand the foundations of most societies as well as an in-depth look at micro and macro sociology.

Mazlish, B. (1989). A New Science: The Breakdown of Connections and the Birth of Sociology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

This work provides a contemporary breakdown of the birth of sociology as well as the background in which the field was nurtured. The author breaks down the theories of sociology based on whether they were revolutionary or academic. Revolutionary sociology encompasses the works of Engels and Mar. Academic Sociology deals with the early works of Ferdinand Tonnies, Georg Simmel, Emile Durkheim, and Max Webber. The classification helps the reader understand the different theories in a simpler manner. The author concludes his work by providing evaluations of the different theories.

Merton, R.K. (1979). The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press

The purpose of this book is to extrapolate the underpinnings of sociology as a science. The author confronts some of the social conditions that researchers are faced with when it comes to searching for scientific knowledge in the field. The essays in the book address issues faced in sociology including unanswered questions over the sociology of knowledge, as well as the social styles of sociological work.

Park, R.E., & Burgess, E.W. (2014). Introduction to the Science of Sociology. Createspace Independent Publishers.

This 1921 collection of sociology literature attempts to bring together many of the classic and timeless works of early sociologists. The book provides a walk through the history of sociology as the readers begin to understand how and why sociology developed as well as the reason it is regarded as a science. The editors of the classic work have used contemporary English to enable current sociology students to understand the writings of Park and Burgess.

Stinthcombe, A.L. (1984). The Origins of Sociology as a Discipline. Acta Sociologica 27(1):51-61.

In this paper, the author argues that the study of sociology as a discipline has pushed academicians and the public from the actual study of how human beings interact in social groupings. The methodological approach employed by nearly all sociological research has diverted our attention from the actual humans on the ground. Field work occupies the lowest strata in sociology methodology. Scientists prefer to use close-ended questions on a sample of people so that they can be able to place them in neat classifications. Sociology as a discipline continues to ignore its primary purpose, which is the study of human beings.