Running Head: ROLE OF RISK 1


Role of Risk Factors in the Development of Delinquent Behavior

Chalyne Arvie

CPSS 417

Gary Zarchy

October 7, 2010

Role of Risk Factors in the Development of Delinquent Behavior

This paper focuses on the potential role of risk factors in the development of delinquent behavior. It is found by the three selected resources that the behavior of children is the outcome of social, environmental, and genetic factors. In connection with juvenile delinquency, many studies or researches determined specific risk and protecting factors as a social, physical, cognitive, emotional, and genetic trait of an individual (Krisberg & Schwartz, 1983). Therefore, there are few roles of these risk factors and their outcomes, which can be studied further.

Historically, studies and researches of delinquency have concentrated on later youth, the time at crime normally reached on its tops level. This was unusually accurate when most researchers examined habitual juvenile offenders because they performed a disproportionately large number of crimes. This is the role of risk factors in the development of delinquent behavior; normally risk factors become visible when those people become habitual juvenile offenders.

Another role of risk factors in the development of delinquent behavior is that few risk factors are familiar to several child offenders, the critical combination and patterns of risk factors differ from kid to kid, so it is the role of the risk factors to differentiate among child and their patterns, and actions. Experts have seen a big deal regarding which risk and protecting factors are important for intervention and screening, which is a part of the risk factor’s role. For example, few children involved in a crime because of individual factors such as hyperactivity, birth complications, temperamental difficulties, sensation seeking, and children involved in a crime because of family factors such as parental antisocial, poor child-rearing practices, substance abuse, family criminal behavior (Schroeder, Osgood & Oghia, 2010). Child performs a crime because of same reason but different perspective; this is a role of risk factors that it can lead different personalities to the same or different direction.

Hence, risk factors play a great role in the development of delinquent behavior. risk factors can alert the guardians or parents that their child’s actions are not normal, risk factors can make guardians or parents able to understand the situation or position of their children, risk factors can also help in the treatment of the condition by giving the level and seriousness of the delinquent behavior, such as a child become anti-social behavior and also promotes anti-social behavior to their surrounded people can be dangerous, and it could only be decreased or detected by understanding and examine the visible risk factors.


Krisberg, B., & Schwartz, I. (1983). Rethinking Juvenile Justice. Crime & Delinquency29(3), 333-364. doi: 10.1177/001112878302900302

Schroeder, R., Osgood, A., & Oghia, M. (2010). Family Transitions and Juvenile Delinquency*. Sociological Inquiry80(4), 579-604. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-682x.2010.00351.x