Memory recall is one of the most important aspects of our daily lives. It involves three main processes of the brain which are a memory, memory encoding, and storage. It is also defined into three categories that are free, cued and serial memory recall. But there are several factors that can affect memory recall. One of the factors that can affect memory recall is attention and the other is motivation. Several types of research have shown that one of the most effective factors that affect memory recall is attention. When one’s attention is in several tasks, encoding phases tends to become weaker, this makes it very hard to recall. But when it is in a specific task, the encoding phase becomes strong and this makes it very simple to recall things or even events. for instance, a client can come seeking for counseling, yet they are still thinking and carrying so many tasks during the sessions for instance breastfeeding, calling at home to check whether everything is being carried out accordingly (Abott, 2019). This affects their memory recall when describing their problems. I would address this problem by asking the client to breathe in then out, then asking them to calm down and relax. On the case of breastfeeding I can ask her to first breastfeed the baby, then call home to check whether everything is okay. After she has completed all that then now I can listen to her problems and counsel her. This will have helped in solving the problem of recalling caused by the division of attention into so many tasks (Bargh & Thein, 2015).
Motivation is the other factor that can affect memory recall. For instance, in schools, when the students are promised a certain reward for recalling information taught quickly, most of them tend to recall very quickly (Terry, 2018). But when there is no reward, recalling rate is normally very minimum. If a client came seeking counseling but had recalling problems, I would find something to motivate them to help them recall quickly.
Abott, E. E. (2019). On the analysis of the factor of recall in the learning process. The Psychological Review: Monograph Supplements, 11(1), 159.
Bargh, J. A., & Thein, R. D. (2015). Individual construct accessibility, person memory, and the recall-judgment link: The case of information overload. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49(5), 1129.
Terry, W.S. (2018). Learning & memory: Basic principles, processes, and procedures. (5th ed.) United Kingdom: Routledge.
Link: Discovering Psychology: Remembering and Forgetting: http://www.learner.org/series/discoveringpsychology/09/e09expand.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Reply Reply to Comment COLLAPSE SUBDISCUSSIONAndrea GoldsteinAndrea Goldstein
YesterdayMar 27 at 4:58amManage Discussion EntryYvette, outstanding research and explanation. Stress and sleep are both significant factors in memory. People do not realize how much effort goes into remembering information. If we are stressed, then we are not thinking optimally. If we are sleep deprived, then we are not able to think optimally. With the use of technology we have learned to rely less and less on our memories. So, we are not as sharp as we once were as a society. How has this hurt us?
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