Population Problems in Third World Countries
Third world countries have recently experienced rapid population growth with many challenges ranging from lack of water and food to environmental problems and diseases. Moreover, the increase in population has also resulted in social problems, in societies in developing countries. The major reasons behind population increase include a reduction in death rate and increase in fertility rates. The large population in developing countries has caused the overexploitation of natural resources such as the excessive cutting down of trees. In turn, this has caused a reduction in the available food for consumption by people living in developing countries. This is because the population is demanding more than the environment can provide. Hence, it implies that the ecosystem cannot cope with the increase in population.
Additionally, the ecosystem is also suffering due to the degradation of the forest cover in these regions. In turn, this degradation has caused a reduction in the available food, as well as water to the communities living in these areas. As a result, this has caused the population to use the environment and the available resources in order to survive. In general, this indicates the deteriorating standards of living.
The increase in population has also resulted in loss of wildlife species resulting in additional problems to the environment. This is due to the increased pollution of the environment due to excreting waste into rivers. Deterioration of the forest cover has also resulted in additional issues such as the extinction of certain animal and plant species.
An increase in population also causes challenges to the country’s economy. The economy suffers with respect to low GDP; hence, affecting the overall development of a country. This causes the country to look for financial aids and over-relying on foreign aid, which increase the debt that it owes donors. As a result, this further affects the country with respect to development. When the country’s development is negatively affected, unemployment rates also go up since the country is not creating additional jobs, which is favored by development. Lack of employment causes additional problems from the perspective of security. Most third world countries experience high levels of insecurity since people living in these countries must find a way to survive.
Moreover, a population increase reduces the land available for cultivating since most people from developing countries in Africa rely on agriculture for survival. When the available land portions become fewer, conflicts evolve. In many African countries, people engage in cultural and family conflicts due to land issues. Additionally, there are literacy problems existing in the developing countries due to population increase. Developing countries are ranked the least with regard to literacy levels. This is because the population cannot afford to cater for education needs. Most scholars have suggested possible solutions to the population increase issue in developing countries. Some of the solutions include educating people in the developing world to ensure that they are aware of the possible ways of family planning. This would be effective in reducing the population and resolve other issues such as those caused by poverty and lack of employment. This would also help governments in reducing reliance on foreign aids and help the country in advancing.
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