Outbreak Response Plan

PLEASE RESPOND MODULE 1 DISCUSSION POST 3

Sorry for the delay in response. I was hoping we had more people for this course. But I guess it just you and I. Congrats btw!

I planned to utilize CDC, WHO, and NNDSS during my research on measles as well. What other sources will you use at your state or local level?

I like your outbreak response plan. Getting confirmation of the disease is important. It allows you to get comprehensive information about patients being diagnosed with measles and conduct contact tracing so other will not get infected. Measles is one those disease that’s very contagious. And if someone not vaccinated, they have a 90% chance of becoming infected just because they were in close contact with someone who has it (CDC, 2020).

Your second and step to increase surveillance is in line with conducting contract tracing. What comes to my mind when increasing surveillance is funding. The CDC heavily invests in surveillance in efforts to show support inside and outside of their agency (CDC, 2018). However, during your third step, I would conduct interview to see who all have been vaccinated. That would save a lot of time, money, resources during your investigation process. Would you also obtain epidemiologic data? This type of data is important in targeting and implementing evidence-based control measure to protect the rest of the community from measles (CDC, 2018). It will also allow you to efficiently collect more meaningful and relevant data from a epidemiologist.

Look forward to more discussions with you.

References

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Public health surveillance at CDC. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/surveillance/improving-surveillance/Public-health-surveillance.html

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). The CDC field of epidemiology manual. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/eis/field-epi-manual/chapters/collecting-data.html

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Transmission of measles. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/measles/transmission.html#:~:text=Measles%20is%20one%20of%20the,days%20after%20the%20rash%20appears.

MODULE 1 DISSCUSSION PAPER:

Introduction

Measles is a viral disease caused by a virus in the paramyxovirus family. The disease is highly infectious and contagious as it is passed through direct contact and through the air. According to the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (n.d) the disease is characterized by symptoms like high fever, cough, coryza, and conjunctivitis. The World Health organization and CDC are some of the major sources of information regarding measles. These two have extensive research including current statistics on the spread of the disease.

Sources of Information

WHO and CDC have extensive information regarding measles. The two organizations have thousands of published journals that can be used when researching measles. Open access journals provide high impact publications that are free of charge. These publications offer the resources that can be used while researching measles. They contain articles by publishers like CDC, MDPI, BioMed Central, and Eurosurveillance.

Government Sources 

The below are some of the government websites that provide information on measles;

https://www.cdc.gov/measles/hcp/index.html

https://www.hhs.gov/cto/projects/national-notifiable-diseases-surveillance-system-modernization-initiative/index.html

https://www.publichealth.org/infectious-disease/

There are local health statistics databases available. The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System provides data obtained at the local level. This includes health statistics that is used by CDC to monitor disease trends.

Outbreak Response Plan

The first step on an outbreak response plan will involve the confirmation of the disease (WHO, 2009). This will involve doing research on the disease and laboratory confirmation on the existence of the disease. If the disease is already confirmed then the first stage will involve ensuring adequate clinical case management. The second step will involve an increase in surveillance to reduce the spread of the disease. The third step will involve assessment the possibility of a large outbreak. Researching the disease will involve interviewing people who are familiar with the population. This is done to gain more information about the disease and the population which will be vital in planning for management of the disease.