Multi answers & short essay questions

First part, I have simple multiple choice questions that are easy to find the answers in internet specilly with sociology major. I need you to answer them and be sure they are correct. I attached questions and the multiple answers. I wil take the quiz again when there is uncorect answer with diffrent version. plz make sure about the answers so we dont do agin. 

Second part, Short essay answer. For each question should be answered in at least 300 words