Modern Applications of Social Work

Parent Training Program

Chalyne Arvie

Gary Zarchy

CPSS 417


Parent Training Program

Workshops provide effective means for dissemination of information.

Discussions on delinquency can help reduce the occurrence of the issue.

Parents have a critical role to play in addressing the problem.

Parents should encourage open communication between them and their children (Hirschi, 2017).

The training program is meant to provide insight into strategies that can be utilized in dealing with juvenile delinquency. This is a huge problem in the society as many youth have been affected and lost their way. It is important to take a step in addressing ways through which young individuals can be protected from the problem. Parents are the focal point in working towards reducing the occurrence of this issue. They are in a position to intervene before their children are caught in the web of delinquency (Hirschi, 2017). There are various strategies that parents can incorporate in their practices so as protect their children from improper behavior. One way is promote communication with their young ones. It is vital that the children feel free to speak to their parents about anything that is affecting their lives. Open conversations go a long way in reducing delinquency (Hirschi, 2017).


Parenting Strategies Cont’d

Parents should partake in activities with their children.

They can place children in mentoring programs.

Support and encourage them in positive aspects.

Parents should act as supervisors (Hirschi, 2017).

Parents can improve their relationships through organizing activities that they can be involved in together with their children. These activities build healthy associations between them and are effective in reducing chances or cases of delinquent behavior. Examples may include going for swimming, adventures or family holidays. In such circumstances, they get to share experiences and interact positively with each other. Mentoring programs provide children with opportunities to learn from senior individuals who can support them and shape their character. The programs promote positive development of the children. As a parent, one should be supportive of his or her children by listening to them and being an ally that they can turn to at any time. Parents should encourage their young ones to be involved in healthy activities whether in school or at home. They can get into sports, music or drama. Parents should generally supervise their children, in that, they should guide their children. They should be keen on the behaviors of the children and guide them back on track in case they do something wrong. They should be on the lookout for any signs of trouble and provide the necessary help when necessary (Hirschi, 2017).


Local Community Resources

There are social development projects within the community.

ParentChild development centers are quite useful.

Nurse home visitation program is vital for maternal and child health.

Adolescent transition program is helpful to at-risk youth (Hawkins & Catalano, 2017).

Local community resources provide aid to parents as they take of their children. These resources provide training to parents on different aspects of development. Social development program are aimed at improving the general well-being of parents as they take on the role of guiding their children (Hawkins & Catalano, 2017). ParentChild development centers and nurse home visitations provide training program that are built to strengthen the relationship between parents and children. They look at fostering academic welfare and prevention of problems in behavior of children. The nurse home visitation in particular caters for parents or those who are expecting. The program enhances the health and well-being of the parents so as to promote the positive development of their children. Adolescent transition program provides support and intervention to high-risk adolescents and their parents (Hawkins & Catalano, 2017).


Community Resources Cont’d

Early intervention services are applicable in many cases.

Public and private family agencies are also vital.

ECHO parenting and education.

Home-based parent support services (Hawkins & Catalano, 2017).

Early intervention services are useful in promoting the nature of parenting. These services help ensure that children receive the best care possible which helps in their development and future well-being. Public and private family agencies help prevent juvenile delinquency by focusing on the input of the family towards the growth and development of children (Hawkins & Catalano, 2017). Family nurtures the values and conformities which ultimately influence the direction of young individuals. The family gets group strength and support from the community. ECHO provides training on promotion of safe, nurturing and stable family relations that enhance positive development. It promotes communication and builds resilience in the youth. Home-based parent support provide help services to first-time parents (Hawkins & Catalano, 2017).


Family Structures

Single parent households have children with either one father or mother.

Some parents are never home in other cases.

At times parents are predisposed with their jobs (Hirschi, 2017).

In other situations children may have lost both parents (Hirschi, 2017).

Family structures are integral parts of the community. Single parent households are generally regarded as broken homes whereby the spouse break up for various reasons. The custody of children may be shared or one half of the parents is left to take care of them. Other parents are usually totally absent from the relationship as they choose to stay away from their families. In some cases, other responsibilities of parents take center stage which affects the time they have for their children. Employment situations are the main cause of the preoccupation. The jobs of parents may result in them being away from their families for long stretches. Unfortunate circumstances occur when a parent(s) passes away and children are left without parental figures (Hirschi, 2017).


Impact of Family Structure

Children lack association that fosters proper maturation.

Young ones are more likely to be exposed to negative influences (Hirschi, 2017).

There is poor supervision of the youth.

There is minimal interaction and support for children.

These effects contribute to development of delinquent behavior (Hirschi, 2017).

There are many aspects that contribute towards occurrence of delinquency. The family structure leads to development of situations that result in negative outcomes. Children without a present father for instance may try to learn how to be adults from parents of their peers. They do not have the necessary structure in place which makes them assert their masculinity through displaying delinquent behavior. The parents are not available to guide the development of their children thus the wayward behavior. As parents are busy with their jobs and other responsibilities they lack the time to supervise the activities of their children. This gives them opportunities to get into negative behaviors. Single-parent families have children who are more likely to be exposed to factors that promote crime such as alcoholism and conflict. The lacking communication and support to children leaves them without the proper guidance. Family interaction or lack thereof influences the behavior of children. These aspects are the main reasons why some many youth have engaged in delinquent behaviors (Hirschi, 2017).


Parenting Styles

There are three main forms of parenting.

There is authoritative style which integrates care, structure and limits .

Authoritarian style emphasizes knowledgeability of parents.

Permissive style does not provide room for behavioral guidelines (Tavassolie et al., 2017).

The authoritative style mainly involves parents who are loving and kind but also firm. There are boundaries to be observed and children should do as required. There is a balance between being strict and indulging the children. The children are allowed to make some decisions on their own as long as they are appropriate to their age. Generally, there are rules and guidelines to be observed and the children are encouraged to be more responsible as they grow (Tavassolie et al., 2017).

Authoritarian style presents parents as strict in their efforts towards raising their children. Such parents try to control every aspect of their child’s life and hardly permit the young individuals to make their own choices. This style entails high levels of obedience and children cannot question what their parents do. Disciplinary methods are part of this parenting (Tavassolie et al., 2017).

Permissive style of parenting entails indulgent behavior towards children. There are no rules and consequences are minimal. Children are left to act as they desire provided there is no physical harm done (Tavassolie et al., 2017).


Relation of the Styles to Delinquency

The parenting styles factor in the level of support and control given to children.

They influence capacity of children to adapt.

They determine the nature of child outcomes.

The impact is mainly on the behavior of children (Tavassolie et al., 2017).

The different forms of parenting matter in the upbringing and development of children. The nature of support and control determines how they end up. Authoritarian style is mainly high control and low support. Authoritative style is high support and control while permissive style is low control and low support. These style configure certain attitudes, tendencies and behaviors in children. As such a specific style influences how the behaviors of a child and affects occurrence of delinquency. The authoritarian style enhances the adaptability of children which makes them to conform to rules and guidelines while permissive style may result in resistance to rules. These styles provide a certain structure to children which translates to how they behave. Delinquent behavior can be directly associated with the type of style used (Tavassolie et al., 2017).


Conflicts Within Family

Disagreements between partners with children.

Separation of parents.

Breaking up normal family settings.

These aspects promote development of negative behavior.

Children exposed to conflict are more likely to engage in delinquent behavior.

The separation removes the appropriate support structure for children (Hirschi, 2017).

Conflicts between parents results in disagreements that have far reaching consequences. At times they temporarily separate or they may permanently part ways. The absence of a parent from the family removes the support, guidance and structure that children need in order to develop appropriate behaviors. The conflicts expose children to poor environment for development as they create attitudes that contribute to delinquency (Hirschi, 2017).



Delinquency is a big issue in the society.

Conflict and family structure affect the issue.

Parents should apply proper strategies to protect against the problem.

They should take advantage of community services available to them.

Appropriate parenting styles should be utilized in fostering good behavior.


Hawkins, J. D. & Catalano, R. F. (2017). Intensive family preservation services: Broadening the vision for prevention. Modern Applications of Social Work.

Hirschi, T. (2017). Causes of delinquency-

Tavassolie, T., Dudding, S. & Madigan, A. L. (2016). Differences in perceived parenting style between mothers and fathers: implications for child outcomes and marital conflict. Journal of Child and Family Studies Volume 25.