CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
This chapter discusses the study procedure and the method to be used in conducting the study in relation to the objectives presented in chapter 1. The method to be used in this study is the Quantitative method. Creswell (1994:87-88) stated that the quantitative research involved collection and data analysis by using statistical procedure and analysis with the aim of determining the truth or theory. Aliaga and Gunderson (2000) aIDed that quantitative research explains phenomena by collection of numerical data that are analyzed by using mathematical based methods in particular statistics. Quantitative method is based on two research methods such as experimentation and survey research. The survey research involved either administering questionnaires or conducting interviews. Therefore, this study will make use of administering questionnaires. Questionnaires were used because the data produced are verifiable and do not require analytical judgment beyond consideration of how information will be presented in the dissemination process. The questionnaire survey was the methodology adopted for this study. The data or information gathered using the questionnaire focus on a group of respondent from Graham Construction and BAM Construction operating at the University of Salford. This chapter therefore describes the methodology to be used in this study. The methodology used to accomplish this study makes use of the following techniques such as literature review related to health and safety performance, information about the design of study, study location, study population, pilot study, questionnaire design and statistical data analysis.
3.2 STUDY DESIGN
3.3 STUDY AREA
This study will be conducted in Salford, Manchester, and the questionnaires will be distributed to cover the two construction companies on site and the University of Salford, which are Graham construction and BAM construction.
3.4 THE STUDY POPULATION
3.4.1 Inclusion Criteria
All the following participants were allowed to participate in the study:
- Employees who were on sites at the University of Salford.
- Employees from the Graham construction.
- Employees from the BAM construction.
- Employees who had consented to participate in the study.
3.4.2 Exclusion Criteria
All the following were not allowed to participate in the study:
- Employees who weren’t on sites at the University of Salford.
- Employees who were on sites other than from the Graham and BAM construction.
- Employees who declined to consent to participate in the study.
3.5 DATA COLLECTION
- ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS
In doing the research study, I sought permission from the ethics board to go on with the study. Getting permission from the relevant authorities has is mandatory for the legitimate success of any research study. In the recent days, the research studies done are controlled by the ethics committees, which are organized by institutions of learning and other relevant organizations (Hammersley 2010). The committees ensure that throughout the course of study, no one individual is harmed by the research activities and should that occur, the researchers are held responsible and accountable. The Graham and BAM construction were sought permission to carry the study on their work sites at the University of Salford.
3.7 DATA ANALYSIS
The collected were analyzed using Microsoft Office Excel. McCullough and Heiser (2010) explains that Microsoft Office Excel can be used in analyzing quantitative data because it’s one of the basic spreadsheets. In aIDition, the application is key in storing and communicating the collected data, their findings and analyzed results among others. Each result of the every question was analyzed and explained individually. The resultant information was presented in the form of charts and tables among others.