Identifying A Clinical Question

Running head: Identifying A Clinical Question 1

Identifying A Clinical Question 6

Identifying A Clinical Question

Jadiam Lopez

Aspen

N494

12/13/2020

Dr. Linda Marcuccilli

Picot Clinical Questions

With the adult, medical as well as surgical inpatient population does the use of patient education, signage and meeting the needs of the patients prior to medical administration as opposed to no intervention minimize the issue of medical errors.

Significance of the topic

The issue of medical errors is an essential topic in the health industry. This is because currently health care is not as safe as it should be or as it can be. About 44, 000 individuals die every year due to medical errors which could be as a result of medical errors that had the potential of being avoided. Medical errors refers to the failure of a planned action to be completed as expected as well as the use of wrong plan in order to attain an aim. With the issues which mainly take place in the course of giving health care include fatal drug occurrences as well as inappropriate transfusions, surgical injuries as well as the wrong site surgery, suicides, restrain based injuries, falls as well as mistaken patient identities (Aronson, 2009). Increased error rated with fatal impacts have a high possibility of taking place in intensive care units as well as operation rooms.

In addition, far above their cost in people’s lives, preventable medical errors tend to increase major tolls. It has been approximated that it leads to a total of about $17 billion as well as $ 29 billion each year in health care facilities each year. A number of factors have led to the country’s epidemic of medical errors. One of the most assumed errors originates from decentralized form of health care delivery system. Whenever the patients see a number of providers in various settings, and none of them has access to all details, it tends to be easier for things to go sour.

Based on the study conducted by WHO (2019), each year, many patients tend to suffer from injuries or die due to inappropriate or low standard health care. Majority of the medical practices and risk based with health care tend to be the main challenge for patient safety and take part in burdening harm because of the unsafe care. Medical errors are the main cause of injury and avoidable harm in health care systems. There are a number of ways in which medical care can go wrong. Errors take place mainly during the provision of medications, when conducting lab tests, when infections take place in the healthcare setting due to surgery in a context which aids in pressuring sores as well as recording of patient data.

Medication errors need to be addressed since medication errors can take place in any medication use systems. It is mainly due to ineffective communication, complexity in product names, and method of use, medical abbreviations, inappropriate procedures and patient misuse due to poor comprehension of the directions for the use of the product. Similarly, stress in job, insufficient knowledge as well as similar labeling as well as packaging of a medication (Sorrell, 2017).

Medical errors have a major impact on the patients, healthcare providers as well as hospitals. For the patients as well as their families, they may face a wide range of effects. This can either be itching, rashes, as well as skin disfigurement. In other time medical errors can cause severe patient injury as well as death. The death of a close family member can be tough mostly if the cause could have been managed. Similarly, the healthcare givers that provide the wrong medications to patients tend to suffer from shame, guilt as well as self-doubt. This makes it hard for them to admit their mistakes (Mayo Clinic, 2014). At times the family members as well as patients may seek legal interventions against the facility for negligence. This can increase emotional toll on the healthcare giver.

Based on the hospital, patient as well as their relatives can as well file an injury lawsuit on the healthcare facility in which the healthcare provider is employed. Hospitals can face great legal counsel as well as potential settlement expenses. Health care facility are required to incur the loss of productivity from the staff that took part in the error and the maximized expenses of unplanned hospitalizations as well as the management of the patient’s condition. It as well requires too much time to handle the errors, research, litigation as well as settlement. The management may be required to take time as well as money to research as well as update policies to reduce future error. Since consistent errors may impact the facility’s reputation (Pham et al., 2011).

Literature search

The five articles that I identified as the most effective for this study include:

Bari, A., Khan, R., & Rathore, A. (2016). Medical errors; causes, consequences, emotional response and resulting behavioral change. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 32(3), 523-528. https://dx.doi.org/10.12669%2Fpjms.323.9701

Consequences of Medical Errors Observed by Family Physicians. (2003). American Family Physician, 67(5), 915

Pietra, L., Calligaris, L., Molendini, L., Quattrin, R., & Brusaferro, S. (2005). Medical errors and clinical risk management: state of the art

Medical errors and clinical risk management: state of the art

Medical errors and clinical risk management: state of the art

Medical errors and clinical risk management: state of the art

Medical errors and clinical risk management: state of the art

Medical Errors and Clinical Risk Management: State of the Art. ACTA otorhinolaryngologica Italica, 25(6), 339-346.

Rodziewicz, T., Houseman, B., & Hipskind, J. (2020). Medical Error Prevention. StatPearls. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK499956/

Swaminath, G., & Raguram, R. (2010). Medical Errors – 1: The Problem. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 52(2), 110-112. Doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.64580

The article that effectively fits my topic in comparison to others is the article by Bari, Khan and Rathore (2016). This is because the researchers in the article conducted an effective research in which they came up with their conclusion from a primary data collection method which makes their results more accurate since they are not biased. The authors have as well developed an article that is well organized in comparison to other articles. This aids in enhancing the readability of the article as well as effectiveness of the article. The article as well incorporate a wide range of information about errors. The researchers assists use to identify the cause, consequences, emotional response as well as resulting behavior change due to medical errors. All this information has been integrated into a single document thus making it efficient. Similarly, in comparison to other articles, this article is up to date. It belongs to the articles that were published between one to five years. Therefore, this article provides information that is based on the occurrences that are currently taking place. This would aid in making our research to be more effective and efficient.

References

Aronson, J. (2009). Medication errors: what they are, how they happen, and how to avoid them. An International Journal of Medicine, 102(8), 513-521. https://doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcp052

Mayo Clinic. (2014). Medication Errors: What Is Their Impact? Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196(14)00567-9/pdf

Pham, J. C., Story, J. L., Hicks, R. W., Shore, A. D., Morlock, L. L., Cheung, D. S., & Pronovost, P. J. (2011). National study on the frequency, types, causes, and consequences of voluntarily reported emergency department medication errors. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 40(5), 485-492.

Sorrell, J.M. (2017) Ethics: Ethical Issues with Medical Errors: Shaping a Culture of Safety in Healthcare. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 22(2)

WHO. (2019). Patient Safety. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/patient-safety

Running head: Identifying A Clinical Question

1

Identifying A Clinical Question

Jadiam Lopez

Aspen

N494

12/13/2020

Dr. Linda Marcuc

cilli

Running head: Identifying A Clinical Question 1

Identifying A Clinical Question

Jadiam Lopez

Aspen

N494

12/13/2020

Dr. Linda Marcuccilli