Running Head: DISCUSSION 1

Discussion 4

Short Answer Worksheet

Chalyne Arvie


Gary Zarchy


University of Phoenix Material

Short Answer Worksheet

Answer each question listed below in a 50- to the 75-word response.

Include a minimum of 2 properly formatted APA in-text citations in your responses, as well as an APA reference for each source at the end of the worksheet.

1. What does research suggest about genetic contributions to juvenile delinquency?

Juvenile delinquency is an end result of many factors including genetic contributions. Trajectory approach of development theory states that the inclination towards crime and wrong decision making is influenced by many factors including environmental, behavioral, psychological, sociological and most important genetic factors. Mental illness and juvenile delinquency go hand in hand. Almost all the criminal has some mental disorder and most of these mental disorders are based on their genetic setup.

2. Which prenatal and perinatal factor(s) have been linked to violence and delinquency?

Prenatal and perinatal factors play a crucial part in the development of the human mind. The babyface implications for every action which mother involves herself. To avoid violence and delinquency, the mother while pregnant must not be exposed to toxic material, rays, and infections and should not face nutritional deficiency. She should eat healthily and eat enough for herself and the baby to avoid any complications. Alcohol consumption, violent partner, age and spacing between pregnancies also need consideration to prohibit delinquency in the baby when he/ she grows (Żądzińska, 2016).

3. What factors in parents’ lives may influence the development of child delinquent behavior?

Parent’s life has huge implications on child delinquent behavior. The major factors include the relation between parents, the absence of one parent or both parents, alcohol consumption, violent behavior of parents, their ability to provide a healthy environment for their children, age of parents, physical and emotional health of parents, their ability to contain their anger while raising their children and their involvement in smoking and drug abuse.

4. What are some outside influences on the family (extrafamilial) that may contribute to the development of child delinquent behavior?

A child is raised in society. Everything around him impacts his mental and physical health including tangible and intangible factors. The family is the primary contributor towards delinquent behavior and society is the second contributor. The physical environment in which child grows, the other kids in the society, the socio-economic status of the community, education level, presence of violence in society, school programs and other similar factors have implication in delinquent behavior of people.

5. What are some preventative measures that can be taken pre- and/or post-birth to decrease early risk factors?

Making the decision to brining a child in this world has a responsibility attached to it. Parents should take preventive measures to ensure that their children to do not join the path of violence and crime through remaining healthy during the pregnancy, mother should take proper nutritional diet and should not be exposed to infections, violence, and toxin substance. After the birth, the parents should provide a safe environment for the kid by building a healthy relationship with each other, no violence, no alcohol, and no drugs and make him feel that he/ she is valued and loved (Dushi, 2015). As a parent, involving yourself into your children’s life is the one way to prevent some deviant behavior. Instead of dropping your child off at their location, get down and check the area and people for signs of misbehavior. Try to keep the child busy with some extra curricular activities, after school sports may help also. The busier the child, the less time to engage in any negative unwanted behavior.


Dushi, G. (2015, June 8). 5 important factors that affect Social Development. Retrieved from Preservative Articles: http://www.preservearticles.com/education/5-important-factors-that-affects-social-development/18048

Żądzińska, E. (2016). Relationship between prenatal factors, the perinatal environment, motor development in the first year of life and the timing of first deciduous tooth emergence. SAGE journals, 124-165.