#1 Response to this post 100 words minimum(Jeannete Hilliard):
The United States could not avoid entering into Cold War with the Soviet Union because as WWII came to a close, they were the only two super powers remaining. They differed in more ways than one, but the driving force was their political views, Democracy versus Communism.
Each nation’s view became more apparent at the Yalta Conference. The Soviet Union wanted to control the countries surrounding its border as “buffer” countries. The United States viewed this as a violation of a country’s democratic “self-determination.”1
President Truman was inexperienced with foreign affairs and came off in a very blunt manner saying, “Unless Russia is faced with an iron fist and strong language,” …another war is in the making.”1
President Truman also did not fully disclose America’s creation of the Atomic Bomb right away. This made the Soviet Leader, Stalin, very suspicious of the US because he had secretly known about this technology. Suspicion continued to grow between the United States and the Soviet Union and Soviet expansionism kept America engaged in the Cold War.1
Each nation continued to try to keep their political views in power and the other nation’s suppressed in what was referred to as “Containment”.1
The nation’s did so through the control and influence on European countries and their economies, through treaties, as well as an arms war where both nations tried to development more advanced weapons than the other.
Had the United States managed to avoid the Cold War, the spread of communism would have become more prevalent throughout Europe.
1. A., Henretta, J., Edwards, Rebecca, Self, O.. America: A Concise History, Volume Two: Since 1865, 5th Edition. Bedford/St. Martin’s, 01/2012. VitalBook file.
#2 Response to this post 100 words minimum(Karolyn)
In many ways President Truman and President Eisenhower had similar views, but they also differed in many ways too. This is typical amongst most American people today in our society. An example of their similarities would be when Eisenhower talked about policy on rolling back communism. A roll back is when you strategize forcing change in major policies and typically this is done by replacing its regime. Eisenhower never took actual action on this policy of roll back. This was quite similar to Truman’s doctrine. The doctrine was an American foreign policy to that would counter any soviet geopolitical expansion. This doctrine proved that the United States would not take action unless it was deemed to be in the best interest of the United States. What this all means is that both Presidents wanted the same thing; to keep communism from spreading. They may have had different paths to get to this goal, however their policies to deal with this threat were vastly different.
Another way to see their similarity’s and differences is to look at their political positions. Eisenhower was a republican while Truman was a democrat. Similarly, they both served two terms as President and and both gained support from the black community. They also had to make tough decisions during their term in office.
#3 Response to this post 100 words minimum(joseph kruk)
The decision of the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas was a landmark decision for our country. On May 17, 1954 the United States Supreme Court delivered its ruling in this case with a unanimous decision the overturned the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision which allowed segregated but equal public facilities which included public schools. The Brown v. Board of Education decision helped to kill off state-sponsored segregation and lit a fire under the American civil rights movement. This ruling completely changed how equality was to be handled in America. It made it so that everyone despite the color of your skin could use any public facilities including public schools without discrimination. With this landmark case it was found that the Plessy doctrine, which declared “separate educational facilities”(staff, 2009) were “inherently unequal”(staff,2009) because the intangible inequalities of segregation deprived black students of equal protection under the law. Within a year of the ruling the Supreme Court published guidelines which required federal district courts to supervise school desegregation “on a racially nondiscriminatory basis with all deliberate speed.”(staff,2009) This decision was a major moment with the civil rights movement and the NAACP which the Chief counsel Thurgood Marshall argued the case. This was another milestone in African American history as well as American history in which the right decision was made to help make it where everyone is equal.
Staff, H. (2009). Brown v. Board of Education. Retrieved from history.com: