TAKE HOME EXAM
______1. ______is the lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a self identity
a. Human development
c. Behavior medication
_____2. All of the following statements regarding socialization are TRUE, except:
a. Socialization is essential for the individual’s survival and for human development.
b. Socialization is essential for the survival and stability of society.
c. Socialization enables a society to “reproduce” itself by passing on cultural content from one generation to the next.
d. Socialization is a learning process that takes place primarily during childhood.
_____3. In the debate over ‘nature” and “nurture,” or heredity and environment, sociologists:
a. Focus on how genetic makeup is a major factor in shaping human behavior.
b. Suggest that genetic inheritance underlies many forms of social behavior, including war and peace.
c. Disagree with the notion that biological principles can be used to explain all human behavior.
d. Do not acknowledge that some aspects of people’s physical makeup largely are determined by heredity.
_____4. Harry and Margaret Harlow’s experiment with rhesus monkeys demonstrated that:
a. Food was more important to the monkeys than warmth, affection, and physical comfort.
b. Monkeys cannot distinguish between a nonliving “mother substitute’ and their own mother
c. Socialization is not important to rhesus monkeys; their behavior is purely instinctive.
d. Without socialization, young monkey to do not learn normal social or emotional behavior.
_____5. The case of Anna illustrates the effects of _____abuse.
d. All of the above
______6. Extensive therapy used as an attempt to socialize Genie:
a. Met with limited success.
b. Met with greater success than sociologists first predicted.
c. Ensured that she could eventually become self-sufficient.
d. Illustrates the effects of socio-biology
_____7. Sigmund Freud divided the mind into three interrelated parts; which of the following is NOT one of these?
c. Super ego
______8. According to Sigmund Freud, the _____consists of the moral and ethical aspects of personality.
c. Super ego
______9. According to Sigmund Freud, the _____is the component of personality that includes of the individual’s basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification.
______10. Which of the following is not one of Jean Piaget’s stages of cognitive development?
b. Concrete operational
c. Formal operational
d. Post operational
11. The ______refers to the way in which a person’s sense of self of
self is derived from the perceptions of others.
a. personality development
b. the looking-glass self
c. the “I: and the “me”
d. the human psyche
____12. _________is the founder of the looking-glass self.
a. George Herbert Mead
b. Charles Horton Cooley
c. Sigmund Freud
d. Jean Piaget
_____13. Charles Horton Cooley’s looking-glass self provides insights on:
a. the limitations of biological explanations of human behavior
b. how people develop a self-identity
c. the importance of the generalized other
d. the stages of moral development
______14. All of the following are elements in the looking-glass self,
a. we imagine how we appear to those around us
b. we interpret others reactions
c. we determine whether or not other people’s evaluations are
d. we develop a self-concept
______15._____is the process by which a person mentally assumes the role
of another person in order to understand the world from that
person’s point of view.
a. generalized others
c. significant others
______16. ______are those persons whose are, affection, and approval are
especially desired and who are most important in the development
of the self.
a. generalized other
b. actualized self
c. gender role
d. significant other
______17. Social psychologist George Herbert Mead divided the self into
a. I and the me
b. Id, ego, and superego
c. sensorimotor, preoperational, and concrete operational stage
d. none of the above
______18. The I is the _____element of self.
______19. The me is:
a. the objective element of self
b. subjective in nature
c. the spontaneous and unique traits of each person
d. developed before the I
______20. A child becomes a doctor, parent, superhero, or minister
a. play stage
b. game stage
c. generalized stage
d. imitation stage
______21. During the _____stage of self-development, individuals under-
stand not only their own social position, but also the position of
Other around them.
______22. According to Freud, the _____is the rational, reality-oriented
component of personality that imposes restrictions on the
innate pleasure-seeking drives of individuals.
______23. According to Freud, the _____, or conscience, consists of the
moral and ethical aspects of personality.