Annotated Bibliography

Page 3

Annotated Bibliography

Artresah Lorzier, Chalyne Arvie, John Cunningham, Lynette Twilley



Gary Zarchy

Annotated Bibliography Kunz, J., & price, c. (2013). Rethinking the Paradigm of Juvenile Delinquency as related to divorce. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 145-156. The author of this study is Cynthia Price and Jenifer Kunz. Cynthia Price is a professor of interdisciplinary studies at the West Texas University and Jenifer Kunz is a Ph.D. scholar and teaches at the department of behavioral science at the West Texas University. In this study, they discussed how parental relation affects human minds and what implications does it have on violent behaviors. It is a meta-analysis of 72 other studies and results show that children who belong to broken families and whose parents got divorced have higher chances of delinquency. Absence of a normal family in their childhood affects the way they perceive life. Such individuals indulge more in status offenses, felony theft, drug consumption, crimes against other people and general delinquency. The perspective of right and wrong is mixed up in minds individuals belonging to broken families. The results of this study show that children from upper social class have more chances of indulging into delinquency than children from lower social classes. African Americans are more at risk of choosing a violent life than their white counterparts. Both genders are equally at risk though. Through this study, the relationship between familial structure and child’s later choices in life are shown inter-related and co-dependent.

Journal of Marriage and Family 64 (May 2002). 489-503 The Effects of Parental-Adolescent relationships and Parental Separation on Adolescents Well-Being

This article used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. This study looked at both long and short term effects of juvenile delinquency and depression after parental separation. Research showed the greater the relationship with same-sex parent prior to residential separation the greater the chance of delinquency after being separated from this parent. It is very important to develop interpersonal relationships within the family prior to separation. Due to the rapid increase in divorce the effects of marital disruption on children has been researched, findings show children of divorce show poorer outcomes (ie. Emotional well-being, and a variety of conduct related difficulties, academic achievement, physical health, and teen age child bearing then those who live in two parent families (Amato & Keith, 1991). Children who are in a two person family where there is abuse or parents who constantly argue benefit from parental separation it takes a lot of stress off of the child children benefit provided tension and conflict recede in the home. Conflict within the home without separation can be very harmful to children (Mechanic & Hansell, 1989). Non- residential parents who continue to maintain positive relationships with their children but are given diminished contact with them after separation will decrease a child’s access to emotional support, practical financial help, resources and supervision (Melanahan & Sandefur, 1994). Boys and girls are both affected and affected differently by divorce. Boys experience more negative consequences after divorce.

Williams-Owens, W. M. (2017). The behavioral effects divorce can have on children. Retrieved from

This paper discusses the behavioral effects on children that parents’ divorce or separate. There will be discussion on the long-term effects, and the behavioral problems that will come from divorced parents. In the United States 40% of children with have to deal with parents who get a divorce before they are 18 years of age. Many children who have to deal with divorce are subject to having built up stress. When a parent leaves the home that is taking stability away from the child, by the child dealing with such issues they are not able to learn with a healthy relationship will resemble. Studies show that even though older kids suffer from the divorce of their parents, younger children tend to suffer more.